Exfoliation is an essential step in your skincare routine to keep your skin looking and feeling its best.
Not only does exfoliation help remove dirt, oil and dead skin, it will also help your other skincare products absorb into the skin more effectively - meaning better results from your serums and moisturisers!
There are two main types of exfoliation: physical, and chemical.
Physical (or manual) exfoliants are products that contain beads or granules that help to polish away dead skin cells. This type of exfoliation is the most well-known, however it is important to note that these products can only work on the surface layer of the skin and can oftentimes be too harsh on sensitive skins.
Chemical Exfoliation (and Enzymatic Exfoliation)
Chemical exfoliation is the lesser known (but incredible!) form of exfoliation which is achieved through the use of Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHA's), or Beta Hydroxy Acids (BHA, or Salicylic Acid) on the skin.
You may have heard of ingredients like Glycolic Acid or Lactic Acid, which are forms of AHA. This type of chemical exfoliation works on the upper layers of the skin, loosening the bonds between dead surface layers and the healthy layers beneath. This type of exfoliation is the most effective, and you can see results immediately after use.
BHA's, A.K.A Salicylic Acid are helpful for blemish prone skins, as it will exfoliate inside the pore and help to clean out congestion. You can read more about Salicylic Acid here.
Enzymatic exfoliation uses naturally occurring enzymes often found in Papaya and Pineapple. These enzymes work by gently eating away at the dead skin cells, leaving behind glowing skin!
How often can I use a scrub?
Recommended use varies between skin types and products, however a good rule of thumb is once a week.
Is it okay to use a scrub when I have acne?
Yes, but use with a gentle hand! Applying too much pressure when using a scrub can cause tiny micro-tears in the skin. This may cause breakouts to become irritated, more inflamed, and in some cases can spread the bacteria to other areas of your face. So use a light pressure, in small circular motions around the face for best results.
Alternatively, stick to using a serum or blemish treatment with Salicylic Acid which will still exfoliate, but cause less irritation!
When should I use chemical exfoliants?
Chemical exfoliants can make your skin more sensitive to sunlight, so it is best to use them in your nightly routine. Make sure you are always using an SPF in your morning routine if you are using any active ingredients!
Can I use chemical exfoliants if my skin is sensitive?
Yes! Opt for gentle exfoliating acids like Lactic Acid or Mandelic Acid, and limit use to once or twice a week. Always conduct a patch test when trying new products, to ensure they play nice with your skin.
Be sure to reach out to us on Instagram @beautyconnectionsaus if you have questions, we are always happy to help!